oil on canvas
36.50 in. (92.70 cm.) (height) by 49.49 in. (125.70 cm.) (width)
London, Royal Academy, 1836, no. 144;. London, Royal Academy, Winter Exhibition, 1896, no. 8 (lent by the 5 th Earl of Rosebery);. London, Whitechapel, JMW Turner, RA., 1953, no. 89;. London, Tate Gallery and Royal Academy, Turner, 1974-5, no. 515;. Ferrara, Palazzo dei Diamanti, Turner e l’Italia, 16 November 2008 – 22 February 2009, no. 93; . Edinburgh, National Gallery of Scotland, Turner and Italy, 27 March – 7 June 2009, no. 93;. Budapest, Museum of Fine Art, Turner and Italy, 15 July – 15 August 2009, no. 93;. On long term loan to the National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1978 – 2013.
J. Ruskin, Modern Painters, vol. I, 1843;. ‘The Collection of H. A. J. Munro, Esq., of Novar, No. 113, Park-Street, Grosvenor Square,’ in Art Union, vol. 9, London July 1847, p. 253;. J. Ruskin, Praeterita, 1886-9;. J. Burnet and P. Cunningham, Turner and his Works, London 1852, pp. 29 & 117, no. 188;. W. Thornbury, T he Life of J.M.W. Turner, R.A., 2 vols., London 1862, vol. I, pp. 231-2;. W. Frost, A.R.A. (revised by H. Reeve), A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings, Water-Colour Drawings, Drawings and Prints in the Collection of the late Hugh Andrew Johnstone Munro Esq of Novar, at the time of his Death deposited in his House No. 6 Hamilton Place London with some Additional Paintings at Novar, privately printed 1865, p. 95, no. 121;. W. Thornbury, T he Life of J.M.W. Turner, R.A., second ed., 2 vols., London 1877, pp. 105 & 578;. C. F. Bell, A List of the Works contributed to Public Exhibitions by J.M.W. Turner, R.A., London 1901, p. 130, no. 201;. Sir W. Armstrong, Turner, London and New York 1902, pp. 120 & 228;. E. T. Cook and A. Wedderburn, The Works of John Ruskin, Library Edition in thirty nine volumes, 1903-12, vol. III, pp. xviii, 636 n.; xxxv, p. 217; i, p. xxxiii;. A. J. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, R.A., 2 nd ed. revised by H.F. Finberg, Oxford 1961, pp. 359 & 400, no. 469;. J. Lindsay, J.M.W. Turner, His Life and Work: A Critical Biography, New York 1966, p. 182;. J. Gage, ‘Turner’s Academic Friendships: C.L. Eastlake’, in The Burlington Magazine, vol. cx, 1968, p. 682;. G. Reynolds, Turner, London 1969, pp. 150 & 168;. M. Butlin and E. Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, New Haven and London 1977, text vol., p. 217, no. 366, plates vol., reproduced in colour pl. 344;. A. Wilton, The Life and Work of JMW Turner, London 1979, p. 282, no. P366;. M. Kitson, ‘Turner and Claude’, in Turner Studies, vol. II, no. 2, Winter 1983, pp. 10 & 14;. E. Joll, M. Butlin and G. Verchi, l’opera complete di Turner 1820-1851, Milan 1982, p. 198, no 402, reproduced; . M. Butlin and E. Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, Revised Edition, New Haven and London 1984, text vol., p. 217, no. 366, plates vol., reproduced in colour pl. 370;. A. Wilton, Turner in his Time, London 1987, pp. 187 & 206;. C. Powell, Turner in the South. Rome, Naples, Florence, New Haven and London 1987, pp. 7, 37, 106, 160, 164 & 165, reproduced fig. 159;. J. Holloway, ‘H A J Munro of Novar’, in Review of Scottish Culture, no. 7, Edinburgh 1991, pp. 10-11, reproduced, fig. 1;. J. Hamilton, Turner, A Life, London 1997, p. 271;. I. Warrell et al., J. M. W. Turner, exhibition catalogue, London 2008, p. 152;. J. Hamilton, et al., Turner & Italy, Edinburgh 2009, pp. 87, 89 & 129-134, reproduced in colour, pl. 93, and details pls. 143-148, and p. 78;. I. Warrell, Turner's Sketchbooks, London 2014, p. 146.
Commissioned by Hugh Andrew Johnstone Munro of Novar (1797-1864);. By family descent until sold (‘The Novar Collection formed by that distinguished amateur, the late Hugh A.J. Munro, Esq. The intimate friend and Executor of JMW Turner RA.’), London, Christie’s, 6 April 1878, lot 98, to Davis for 5850 guineas (on behalf of the 5 th Earl of Rosebery and his wife Hannah Rothschild);. Archibald Primrose, 5 th Earl of Rosebery (1847-1929), Prime Minister of Great Britain (1894-1895);. Thence by family descent.